NovaBay Pharmaceuticals Reports Activity of Aganocide NVC-422 Against Deadly Superbug

NovaBay Pharmaceuticals, a clinical stage biotechnology company developing first-in-class, anti-infective compounds for the treatment and prevention of antibiotic-resistant infections, announces that in tests conducted at a third-party laboratory, NovaBay’s lead Aganocide, NVC-422 has shown in vitro activity against the “superbug” New Delhi Metallo-beta-lactamase-1 (NDM-1)-encoded Klebsiella pneumoniae at a very low concentration of 2 microgram per milliliter.

In comparison,  Imipenem, which is a mainstay antibiotic for the treatment of antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections, is not effective against NDM-1-encoded strains. 

NovaBay currently is engaged in testing additional strains of E. coli and K. pneumoniae encoded with NDM-1 gene.  The company previously reported that NVC-422 was effective in vitro against resistance phenotypes of E. coli and K. pneumoniae, including extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) and multidrug-resistant (MDR) strains.  NovaBay intends to publish and present the full data set at the upcoming Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC).

K. pneumoniae and E. coli have been identified as a cause of severe infections, sepsis and possibly death. In a number of non-systemic/topical opportunities of interest to NovaBay’s development, both these superbugs are major risk factors. These include catheter-associated urinary tract infections (UTIs); respiratory tract infections, including those caused by cystic fibrosis; and wound infections, including venous stasis, pressure ulcers and diabetic ulcers.

Dr. Ron Najafi, CEO of NovaBay Pharmaceuticals, said, “We were very excited to see the in vitro activity results of NVC-422 against NDM-1 strains.  In fact, we have collected data indicating that NVC-422 is also effective in vitro against all six highly resistant pathogens know as ESKAPE:  Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella species, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterobacter which are the cause of much of thehospital-associated Infections today.  We intend to translate this activity into products that will benefit patients in need. Both UTI and chronic non-healing wounds will be the future breeding ground for NDM-1 producing bacteria.”

NovaBay is currently engaged in a Phase 2 human trial for urinary catheter blockage and encrustation (UCBE) leading to urinary tract infections, and the company and its partner Galderma S.A. are engaged in the clinical development of its lead compound for the treatment of impetigo, a highly contagious infection with potential benefit in chronic wound care management.

About the NDM-1 gene

NDM-1 is an enzyme that makes bacteria resistant to a broad range of beta-lactam antibiotics. These include the antibiotics of the carbapenem family, which are a mainstay for the treatment of antibiotic-resistant bacterial infections. The gene for NDM-1 is one member of a large gene family that encodes beta-lactamase enzymes called carbapenemases. Bacteria that produce carbapenemases are often referred to in the news media as “superbugs” because infections caused by them are difficult to treat.

NDM-1 was first detected in a Klebsiella pneumoniae isolate from a Swedish patient of Indian origin in 2008. It was later detected in bacteria in India, Pakistan, the United Kingdom, the United States, Canada, Japan and Brazil. The most common bacteria that make this enzyme are Gram negative such as Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae, but the gene for NDM-1 can spread from one strain of bacteria to another by horizontal gene transfer.

About Aganocides

NovaBay’s Aganocide® compounds are novel, synthetic N-chlorinated antimicrobial molecules specifically designed and developed to mimic the body’s natural defense against infection. The topical Aganocide compounds maintain biological activities while demonstrating improved stability over the naturally occurring N-chlorinated antimicrobial molecules. In preclinical testing, NovaBay’s Aganocide compounds have been shown to be highly effective against bacteria, including some multi-drug resistant strains (such as MRSA), viruses and fungi. NovaBay’s Aganocide compounds have the potential to deliver the same or better efficacy than antibiotics, and to address the growing problem of antibiotic resistance by employing a novel mechanism of action.

About NovaBay Pharmaceuticals, Inc.

NovaBay Pharmaceuticals is a clinical stage biotechnology company focused on developing its proprietary and patented topical Aganocide compounds, which are novel, synthetic anti-infective product candidates with equivalent activity to the active antimicrobial molecules generated within white blood cells. NovaBay’s topical Aganocide compounds are being developed to treat and prevent a wide range of infections without causing bacterial resistance. NovaBay has internal development programs aimed at addressing hospital infections, chronic non-healing wounds, UCBE and onychomycosis. The company has a license and research collaboration agreement with Alcon, Inc. for use of its Aganocide compounds to treat eye, ear and sinus infections as well as for contact lens care. NovaBay has also entered into an agreement with Galderma S.A. to develop and commercialize Aganocide compounds in acne, impetigo and other dermatological indications. For more information on NovaBay, visit: